March 12, 2014

King Massacre
King Massacre

This Day in Texas History:

It is Wednesday March 12, 2014. It is the 71st day of 2014. There are 294 days left in the year. On this date in 1836 the Battle of Refugio began. It was a battle in the Texas War for Independence and part of the Goliad Campaign. It took place at Refugio, Texas between March 12th and 15th in 1836. Mexican General Jose Urrea won the battle after fighting against Amon Butler King. Urrea had about 1,500 Centralista soldiers. They fought King and his 28 American volunteers as well as Lieutenant Colonel William Ward and his 120 Americans. It was a total defeat for the Texans who had 16 killed, 15 executed, and 107 captured. Only 10 escaped.

More Dallas Pioneer Plaza Photos:

Yesterday I mentioned the large sculpture celebrates the nineteenth century cattle drives that took place along the Shawnee Trail. Artist Robert Summers of Glen Rose, Texas created 70 bronze steers and 3 trail riders sculptures. Each steer is larger-than-life at six feet high. All together the sculpture is the largest bronze monument of its kind in the world. Set along an artificial ridge, man-made limestone cliff the native landscaping with a flowing stream and waterfall creates a dramatic effect.

Here are additional pictures I took of the sculptures in December 2008. Click on them and they will enlarge.

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Creative Commons License
Longhorns at Pioneer Plaza in Dallas, Texas by Jimmie A. Kepler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

Author: Jimmie Aaron Kepler, Ed.D.

Jimmie Aaron Kepler is a full-time writer. He was born in San Antonio, Texas, to a career military father and stay at home mother. He lived in six states and attended eight different schools before graduating high school. He earned a Bachelor of Arts in History with minors in English and Military Science from The University of Texas at Arlington, Master of Arts and Master of Religious Education degrees from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, as well as the Doctor of Education degree. Before writing full-time, he worked as a US Army officer for 10-years, religious educator for 18-years, and as an IT software application engineer for over 20-years. He is a widower. He lives in North Texas with his cat Lacey.